Whiskey, Archaeology, and Things That Will Never Be Excavated

Ivor Noel Hume once found 47 wine bottles filled with cherries during an excavation of a tavern at Colonial Williamsburg. While it is fun to think about, I’m fairly sure that I will never find a jug of whiskey on an early Kentucky farm distillery (sealed “dusties” from industrial distilleries are a different story). At the Jouett / Buck distillery (beginning around 1790), Jack was … Continue reading Whiskey, Archaeology, and Things That Will Never Be Excavated

History and Archaeology

I am a historian first and foremost. I spend my time in libraries and archives; I read through deed books and city directories; I survey buildings and structures (and yes there is a difference). But, I also have experience in the field as an archaeologist, albeit somewhat minimal. There is no need for me to outline the countless differences between the methodologies of these disciplines … Continue reading History and Archaeology

Appalachian Stereotypes and the Case of Cosmopolitan Coal Camps

Stereotypes about Appalachia, the largely mountainous region stretching 420 counties from New York to Mississippi, have abounded in the media for the past 150 years. Appalachia has been portrayed as a totally rural, homogenous region: a backwards, backwoods colony of poor white hillbillies lagging behind the rest of America in terms of moral, material, and social development. In truth, Appalachia is a diverse region, and … Continue reading Appalachian Stereotypes and the Case of Cosmopolitan Coal Camps

Iron Furnaces of Kentucky

Did you know during the 18th and early 19th century Kentucky was the 3rd largest producer of iron in the country? The first iron making operation in Kentucky began in 1791 with Bourbon Iron Works – before Kentucky was a state! Fig. 1. Rare photograph of a 19th century iron furnace in operation, probably from eastern Kentucky.  Photo undated, on file, Cumberland District Office, Daniel … Continue reading Iron Furnaces of Kentucky

Worked Deer Shoulder (Scapulae) Blades from Fox Farm

Fox Farm is a large archaeological site located in Mason County, Kentucky.  The site was occupied from ca. A.D 1300 to 1650 by sedentary farmers of the Fort Ancient culture and is one of the largest and most intensely occupied Fort Ancient village sites in the middle Ohio Valley.  As part of ongoing research on the faunal remains recovered from this site from 2009-2016, four … Continue reading Worked Deer Shoulder (Scapulae) Blades from Fox Farm